Cyber ranges were initially developed for government entities looking to better train their workforce with new skills and techniques. Cyber ranges provide representations of actual networks, systems, and tools for novice and seasoned cyber professionals to safely train in virtual environments without compromising the safety and security of their own networks.
Today, cyber ranges are known to effectively train the cyber workforce across industries. As technology advances, ranges gain in their training scope and potential. The National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education reports cyber ranges provide:
- Performance-based learning and assessment
- A simulated environment where teams can work together to improve teamwork and team capabilities
- Real-time feedback
- Simulate on-the-job experience
- An environment where new ideas can be tested and teams and work to solve complex cyber problems
In order to upskill cybersecurity professionals, commercial, academic, and government institutions have to gracefully fuse the technicalities of the field with the strategic thinking and problem-solving “soft skills” required to defeat sophisticated attacks. Cyber ranges can help do that.
Currently, cyber ranges come in two forms: Bare environments without pre-programmed content; or prescriptive content that may or may not be relevant to a user’s industry. Either form limits the learner’s ability to develop many skill sets, not just what their work role requires.
Six Components of Modern Cyber Ranges
Modern cyber ranges need realistic, industry-relevant content to help trainees practice offense and defense and governance activities in emulated networks. Further cyber ranges need to allow learners to use their own tools and emulated network traffic in order to expand the realism of the training exercise. By using tools in safe replicated networks, learners will have a better understanding of how to address a threat when the real-life scenario hits.
We also know that cybersecurity attacks require teams to combat them, not just one or two individuals. So, in addition to individual training, cyber ranges should also allow for team training and engagement for professionals to learn from one another and gain a bigger picture understanding of what it REALLY takes to stop evolving threats.
With advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI), we know cyber ranges can now support such technology. In the case of our own Project AresÒ, we are able to leverage AI and machine learning to gather user data and activity happening in the platform. As more users play Project Ares, patterns in the data reveal commonalities and anomalies of how missions are completed with minimal human intervention. Those patterns are used to inform the recommendations of an in-game advisor with “chat bot-esque” features available for users to contact if help is needed on a certain activity or level. Further, layering AI and machine learning gives cyber professionals better predictive capabilities and, according to Microsoft, even “improve the efficacy of cybersecurity, the detection of hackers, and even prevent attacks before they occur.”
With many studies touting the benefits of gamification in learning, it only makes sense that modern ranges come equipped with a gamified element. Project Ares has a series of mini-games, battle rooms, and missions that help engage users in task completion—all while learning new techniques and strategies for defeating modern-day attacks. The mini-games help explain cyber technical and/or operational fundamentals with the goal of providing fun and instructional ways to learn a new concept or stay current on perishable skills. The battle rooms are environments used for training and assessing an individual on a set of specific tasks based on current offensive and defensive tactics, techniques and procedures. The missions are used for training and assessing an individual or team on their practical application of knowledge, skills and abilities in order to solve a given cybersecurity problem set, each with its own unique set of mission orders, rules of engagement and objectives.
There is a lot of sensitive data that can be housed in a cyber range so security is the final piece to comprising a modern cyber range. The cloud is quickly recognized as one of the most secure spaces to house network components (and physical infrastructure). To ensure the cyber ranges are operating quickly with the latest updates and to increase visibility of how users are engaging in the cyber ranges across the company, security in the cloud is the latest and greatest approach for users training in test environments.
There you have it. The next generation cyber range should have:
- Industry-relevant content
- Emulated network capabilities
- Single and multi-player engagement
- AI and machine learning
We are proud to have pioneered such a next generation cyber range manifest in many of our platforms including (as mentioned above), Project Ares®, and CyRaaSTM. We hope this post helped you understand the true potential of cyber ranges and how they are evolving today to automate and augment the cyber workforce.